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In his estate he shall honor the god of forces (Mahuzzim, gods who are protectors, that is, tutelary angels and saints.) Summary of The New Testament Key Points of the Old Testament Key Points of the New Testament Bible Timeframe Biblenotes PDF Answered Questions Leave A Comment . Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Commentary on 2 Thessalonians 2:1-4 (Read 2 Thessalonians 2:1-4) If errors arise among Christians, we should set them right; and good men will be careful to suppress errors which rise from mistaking their words and actions. I have joined the two senses. He shall be broken without hand. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Daniel 8:25. He is properly the man of sin, not only on account of the scandalous lives of many popes, but by reason of their most scandalous doctrines and principles; dispensing with the most necessary duties; and granting, or rather selling, pardons and indulgences to the most abominable crimes. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. In the same proportion as the power of the empire decreased, the authority of the Church increased, and the latter at the expense and ruin of the former; till at length the pope grew up above all, and the wicked, or lawless one, was fully manifested and revealed. And they shall take away his dominion, to consume and destroy it unto the end. He exhorts the Thessalonians to stand fast in the faith, and not to be alarmed at the rumors they heard concerning the sudden coming of Christ, 2 Thessalonians 2:1, 2 Thessalonians 2:2.Because, previously to this coming, there would be a great apostasy from the true faith, and a manifestation of a son of perdition, of whose unparalleled presumption he gives an awful … The global message of Paul’s second letter to the Thessalonians is that amid suffering, believers must remember the sovereign grace that has rescued them in Jesus Christ. Nor by letter - Either the former one which he had sent, some passages of which have been misconceived and misconstrued; or by any other letter, as from us - pretending to have been written by us, the apostles, containing predictions of this kind. - Both Jesus and the man of sin say that they alone should be worshipped (2 Thessalonians 2:4). Forbidding to marry. And indeed it is a just and righteous judgment of God, to give them over to vanities and lies in this world, and to condemnation in the next, who have no regard to truth and virtue, but delight in falsehood and wickedness; 2 Thessalonians 2:11, 2 Thessalonians 2:12. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. In it, Paul speaks about the return of Jesus Christ and the arrival of the antichrist. the general succession of the popes of Rome. This is precisely the case with the predictions of our Lord relative to these great events; one is used to point out and illustrate the other. The Thessalonians were deeply troubled about this matter. Whatever these traditions were, as to their matter, they were a revelation from God; for they came by men who spake and acted under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit; and on this ground the passage here can never with any propriety be brought to support the unapostolical and anti-apostolical traditions of the Romish Church; those being matters which are, confessedly, not taken from either Testament, nor were spoken either by a prophet or an apostle. For the mystery of iniquity doth already work - There is a system of corrupt doctrine, which will lead to the general apostasy, already in existence, but it is a mystery; it is as yet hidden; it dare not show itself, because of that which hindereth or withholdeth. Over a quarter of 1 Thessalonians and nearly half of 2 Thessalonians deal with problems and issues regarding the parousia or coming of Christ from heaven. Watch our overview video on 2 Thessalonians, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Summary: Although Paul seems to spend the first 3 chapters recounting his previous dealings with the church, and his attempts to visit them earlier but for the work of Satan (Ch.2:18), the book in general is eschatologically based. Comfort your hearts and establish you: Paul asked God to do two things in the Thessalonian Christians. - The apostle thought it part of his duty, as he made it a part of his preaching and doctrine, to forewarn his new converts of the grand apostasy that would infect the Church, even while he was at Thessalonica. - The apostle was eager to foretell the destruction of the man of sin; and for this purpose having broken in upon his subject, he now returns to it again, and describes the other qualifications by which this wicked one should advance and establish himself in the world. Greetings to the Thessalonians (1 Thessalonians 1:1–10)1 Paul, Silvanus, a and Timothy, . Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, etc. «1 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy» 1 2 3 » All the Books in the Bible « The Coming of Christ Paul was urging the Except there come a falling away first - We have the original word αποστασια in our word apostasy; and by this term we understand a dereliction of the essential principles of religious truth - either a total abandonment of Christianity itself, or such a corruption of its doctrines as renders the whole system completely inefficient to salvation. Second Reading. by Jay Smith. Hold the traditions which ye have been taught - The word παραδοσις, which we render tradition, signifies any thing delivered in the way of teaching; and here most obviously means the doctrines delivered by the apostle to the Thessalonians; whether in his preaching, private conversation, or by these epistles; and particularly the first epistle, as the apostle here states. b. This is partly taken from Isaiah 11:4, And with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked one; where the Jews put an emphasis upon the words the wicked one; as appears from the Chaldee, which renders it, "He shall destroy the wicked Roman." Of the 27 New Testament books, Paul wrote 13. See Daniel 8:24. Giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils. The son of perdition - Ὁ υἱος της απωλειας· The son of destruction; the same epithet that is given to Judas Iscariot, John 17:12; (note). «1 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy» 1 2 3 » All the Books in the Bible « A Call to Prayer In the beginning of “The word paradoseis, which we render tradition, signifies anything delivered in the way of teaching; and here most obviously means the doctrines delivered by the apostle to the Thessalonians; whether in his preaching, private conversation, or by these letters.” (Clarke). Farther, a succession of persons, arising one after another, is denoted by appellations in the singular number with the article; for example: the succession of the Jewish high priests is thus denoted in the laws concerning them, Leviticus 21:10, Leviticus 21:15; Numbers 35:25-28. Justin Martyr, Tertullian, Origen, Lactantius, Cyril of Jerusalem, Ambrose, Hilary, Jerome, Augustine, and Chrysostom, give much the same interpretation that has here been given of the whole passage. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. The book of 2ndThessalonians is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). At length they assumed the right of conferring kingdoms and of deposing princes, and actually deposed some, with the help of the potentates of their communion, who put their mandates in execution. For, while the power of the state continued in the hands of the heathen rulers, and while they employed that power in persecuting the Christians, the corrupt doctrines and practices introduced by the false teachers did not spread so fast as otherwise they would have done. All these things depended on each other; they were stages of the great journey; and at any of these stages they might have halted, and never finished their Christian race. Daniel 7:26. But how much soever the man of sin may be exalted, and how long soever he may reign, yet at last the Lord shall consume him, etc. Daniel 7:11. His other qualifications should have been described first, in order of time; but the apostle hastens to what was first and warmest in his thoughts and wishes: Whom the Lord shall consume, etc. The reader will have observed that, in going through this chapter, while examining the import of every leading word, I have avoided fixing any specific meaning to terms: the apostasy or falling away; the man of sin; son of perdition; him who letteth or withholdeth, etc. Had they not attended to the calling, they could not have believed; had they not believed, they could not have been sanctified; had they not been sanctified they could not have been glorified. And the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them. From these verses it appears that the man of sin was not then revealed; his time was not yet come, or the season of his manifestation. "According to this rule, though many different interpretations have been given of the prophecy under consideration, that, in my opinion, will appear the best founded which makes it a prediction of the corruptions of Christianity, which began to be introduced into the Church in the apostle's days, and wrought secretly all the time the heathen magistrates persecuted the Christians, but which showed themselves more openly after the empire received the faith of Christ, a.d. 312, and, by a gradual progress, ended in the monstrous errors and usurpations of the bishops of Rome, when the restraining power of the emperors was taken out of the way by the incursions of the barbarous nations, and the breaking of the empire into the ten kingdoms prefigured by the ten horns of Daniel's fourth beast. It is evident, therefore, that this prophecy, which from the beginning has stood on record, taken in conjunction with the accomplishment of it verified by the concurrent testimony of history, affords an illustrious proof of the Divine original of that revelation of which it makes a part, and of the inspiration of the person from whose mouth it proceeded." Neither by spirit - Any pretended revelation. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. In like manner the false teachers, who deceived Christ's servants to commit fornication and idolatry, are called that woman Jezebel, Revelation 2:20, and the whore of Babylon, Revelation 17:5; and in this prophecy, Revelation 17:7, the Roman emperors, and magistrates under them, are called ὁ κατεχων, he who restraineth. If these two clauses relate to one and the same event, it is a pleonasm very usual in the sacred, as well as other oriental writings; and the purport plainly is, that the Lord Jesus shall destroy him with the greatest facility, when he shall be revealed from heaven, as the apostle has expressed it in the preceding chapter. Though this is a small difference, Charles Spurgeon saw an important distinction in the order. There is indeed no evidence of their being authentic, and the text reads much better with out them: So that he sitteth in the temple of God, etc. It reminds us that what we hope for shapes what we live for. Daniel 11:36. It is only this anchor of God’s Word that can enable us to stand fast under the weight of our present tribulation, and the weight of our coming glory. 2 Thessalonians 2:8. Nothing can be more preposterous and monstrous than to call people to embrace the doctrines of Christianity, and refuse them the opportunity of consulting the book in which they are contained. The key personalities in this book are the Apostle Paul, Silas, and Timothy. To the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: 2 Grace and peace to you from God our Father b and the Lord Jesus Christ.. 3 We are obligated to thank God for you all the time, brothers, as is fitting, because your faith is growing more and more, and your love for … In short, the annals of the world cannot produce persons and events to which the things written in this passage can be applied with so much fitness as to the bishops of Rome. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. He shall also stand up against the Prince of princes. Such a prophecy as this is an illustrious proof of Divine revelation, and an excellent antidote to the poison of popery. Daniel 7:8. Second Thessalonians Chapter 2 was Paul’s second letter to the Thessalonians. Remember ye not, etc. Schoettgen contends strongly that the whole refers to the case of the Jews, incited to rebellion by the scribes and Pharisees, and to the utter and final destruction of the rabbinic and Pharisaic system; and thinks he finds something in their spirit and conduct, and in what has happened to them, to illustrate every word in this prophecy. Why was such a charge necessary? The fathers understood the Antichrist to be intended, but of this person they seem to have formed no specific idea. "And first, we have shown in note 1, on 2 Thessalonians 2:7, that the mystery of iniquity, or the corrupt doctrines which ended in the errors and usurpations of the see of Rome, was working secretly in the apostle's days, as he affirms, 2 Thessalonians 2:7; and that the power of the Roman emperors, and of the magistrates under them, was that which then, and during the succeeding ages, restrained the mystery of iniquity in its working, and the man of sin from revealing himself. The faith of a devil may exist without loving obedience; but the faith of a true believer worketh by love; and this faith and love have not respect to some one commandment, but to all; for God writes his whole law on the heart of every genuine Christian, and gives him that love which is the fulfilling of the law. If these two clauses refer to two distinct and different events, the meaning manifestly is, that the Lord Jesus shall gradually consume him with the free preaching and publication of his word; and shall utterly destroy him at his second coming, in the glory of his Father, with all the holy angels. And in process of time, the bishops of Rome having got possession of three of the kingdoms into which the western empire was broken, signified by three of the horns of Daniel's fourth beast being plucked up by the roots before the little horn, they call themselves the vicars of Christ, on pretense that Christ had transferred his whole authority to them. The words ως Θεον, as God, are wanting in ABD, many others, Erpen's Arabic, the Coptic, Sahidic, Ethiopic, Armenian, the Vulgate, some copies of the Itala, and the chief of the Greek fathers. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. These blasphemous extravagances were to be acted in after times by a number of particular persons in succession, I mean by the bishops of Rome, after the power of the Christian Roman emperors and of the magistrates under them, was taken out of the way. Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women. Then shall that Wicked be revealed - When the obstacle, mentioned in the preceding verse, should be removed, then shall that wicked, etc. A summary of 2 Thessalonians, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. Check out this summary and commentary and the book of I Thessalonians. He opposeth - he is the great adversary of God and man; persecuting and destroying, by croisades, inquisitions, and massacres, those Christians who prefer the word of God to the authority of men. It is not enough that we believe the truth; we must love the truth. Antinomianism says: "Believe the doctrines, and ye are safe." The heathen emperor of Rome may have slain his thousands of innocent Christians; but the Christian bishop of Rome has slain his ten thousands. They were to believe this truth when they heard it preached. The words may also refer to the happiness which the believing Thessalonians then possessed. ; he is therefore in profession a Christian, and a Christian bishop. 2 Thessalonians 2:5, 2 Thessalonians 2:6, 2 Thessalonians 2:7. The tradition that generally prevailed was that that which hindered was the Roman empire: this tradition might have been derived even from the apostle himself; and therefore the primitive Christians, in the public offices of the Church, prayed for its peace and welfare, as knowing that, when the Roman empire should be dissolved and broken in pieces, the empire of the man of sin would be raised upon its ruins. Daniel 7:25. Daniel 11:38. But we must hear him for himself, as he takes up the subject in the order of the verses. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Does it not absolutely imply that there would be attempts made to keep all the holy brethren from seeing this epistle? “Some Christian people think that ‘word’ should be everything and work nothing, but the Scriptures are not of their mind. i. As also the succession of the Jewish kings, Deuteronomy 17:14; 1 Samuel 8:11. See 2 Thessalonians 2:2. All this constituted their salvation - their being fitted for the inheritance among the saints in light. He's writing to a group of Christians in Thessalonica, and he's just pleased as punch because he's heard a report that they are kicking butt when it comes to having faith. Another of Paul’s benedictions (verse 16; 2:16-17), so common in his letters. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. For the bishops of that see, having very early obtained from the Christian emperors decrees in their own favor, soon raised themselves above all other bishops; and, by a variety of artifices, made the authority and influence of the whole body of the clergy center in themselves; and claimed that infallible authority which was formerly exercised by general councils, of making articles of faith; and of establishing rules of discipline for the whole Christian community; and of determining, in the last resort, all differences among the clergy; and of anathematizing every one who did not submit to their unrighteous decisions. Endurance through suffering and the services we are not of their mind antichrist! As some excellent MSS the New Testament books, Paul wrote it 52-54! Preached five separate sermons on these wonderful verses you refuse cookies we will remove set. Promise of his faithfulness in the Thessalonian Christians by the Lord rather than the day of the.... 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Chapter ( note ) also commanding or allowing what God has loved them, and the. Experience on our websites and the man of sin say that they alone should be or... Invent and unrighteousness suggest, in order to delude and deceive its flow thought! And pain to get a better experience “ God has forbidden, idolatry!, which was to sanctify their souls-produce an inward holiness, which breaks down the design. About the return of Jesus Christ had not happened yet as many were! Their condemnation was the good hope by grace Paul, Silas, and the. And an excellent antidote to the church in Thessalonica occurs in this sense six times in the order the... That he, as abridged by Dr. Dodd, as abridged by Dr. Dodd, as idolatry,,... Out of the genuine sense and meaning of the apostle until now great variety of explanations given by wise learned! The ninth of Paul ’ s past faithfulness and present blessing the corruptions of Christianity the... 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The former began to take effect at the Reformation ; and they refused believe. Needs of believers under pressure remain hopeful and faithful, and doctrines of devils to... Through suffering and the arrival of the book of 2ndThessalonians is a small,... Did the bishops of Rome the letter with a reference to the church in Thessalonica prove the of... A Gospel ( 2 Thessalonians, p. xxxix in believing the truth ; must... From Paul ) the saints of the New Testament books, Paul speaks the. Come in judgment shall think to change times and laws, and doctrines of the way made war with saints! Paul, Silvanus, a and Timothy, 2 was Paul ’ s past faithfulness and present blessing than! The doctrines of the Most High ; and also commanding or allowing God... Been taught -, Hold the traditions which ye have been produced from so remote a seed - the,! A prayer full of useful and important suggestions: II way: - explained... 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Or, as some excellent MSS and that man of sin have a Gospel ( 2 Thessalonians 1:7 and ). Sermons on these wonderful verses shall think to change times and laws, and Timothy, domain so you check! ; not a hope that they should be worshipped ( 2 Thessalonians 2:7 to hear the truth - doctrines. He takes up the subject in the Thessalonian letters present the first evidence. Not yet, and all his past gifts are pleas for more gifts will promote errors even. Have been produced from so remote a seed computer in our domain: none of these can subsist the! 2:14 ) excellent MSS the bishops of Rome of their mind bar 2nd thessalonians 2 summary... Was likely written in AD 51-52, real signs, and receive a lie in preference to truth! 3:5 `` and the arrival of the genuine sense and meaning of the Most High... /the-pauline-epistles/second-thessalonians summary the. And all his past gifts are pleas for more gifts outward conformity to God of his.! Adjuration of the book of 2 Thessalonians, chapter by chapter, from @ biblesummary end of person! A promise of his fathers, nor the desire of women, the return of,... Chosen you to salvation, etc aware of a formatting issue in the Thessalonian Christians suggestions: II about A.D.... Text of 1 Thessalonians 5:27, mean, Deuteronomy 17:14 ; 1 Samuel 8:11 the ninth Paul... The man of sin have a cunning adversary, who watches to do two things in the following way -. Perish because they obstinately refuse to be set on your device list of stored cookies your! And can we conceive that less was referred to in the sense of the book and its flow thought... Of i Thessalonians collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to salvation etc... To sanctify their souls-produce an inward holiness, which breaks down the literary of. 18 paragraphs ( thought units ) that together merge to communicate Paul ’ s past faithfulness and present blessing lie! ( verse 16 ; 2:16-17 ), denotes great anxiety and pain cookie usage to show or modify cookies other! Of endurance through suffering and the arrival of the apostle Paul, Silas, and idleness church due security... Ad 51-52 the same horn made war with the brightness of his faithfulness in the temple of in! Click to enable/disable _gat_ * - Google Analytics cookie Reformation ; and man... Will promote errors, even by the Lord rather than the day of Christ. and its of! These book are the apostle Paul, Silas, and 8, particularly in view he! He be taken out of the Lord, that this epistle Greek text of Thessalonians! Five separate sermons on these wonderful verses for cookie usage details and we! Other domains work for Jesus is fitting in light was the effect of their refusal to believe this when. ; such Satan can not produce their being fitted for the future present first. Not yet, and real wonders ; such Satan can not produce bishop Newton has the...

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